Here are some fascinating facts about William Tecumseh Sherman. Sherman's father died in 1829. Fellow cadet and eventual Civil War general William Rosecrans remembered Sherman as “one of the brightest and most popular fellows.”, Sherman's recollections of his school performance were quite different: He later wrote in his memoirs that “I was not considered a good soldier, for at no time was I selected for any office, but remained a private throughout the whole four years. Sherman’s blunt assessment of his experiences in the Civil War were summed up in a speech he gave to the graduating class of the Michigan Military Academy on June 19, 1879. Februar 1891 in New York City, New York) war ein US-amerikanischer Offizier, Bankier, Rechtsanwalt, Schriftsteller und einer der bekanntesten Generale des Sezessionskrieges. Sherman is mostly known for his use of "total war." Following his father's untimely death in 1829, Sherman was sent to live with the family of Thomas Ewing. He was on the scene during a mission that confirmed the existence of rich gold deposits along the Sacramento River, and later penned the letter Mason sent to Washington relaying their findings. After missing out on combat in the Mexican American War and enduring a series of lackluster assignments, Sherman left the military in 1853 to run a San Francisco bank. He led Union forces in crushing campaigns through the South, marching through Georgia and the Carolinas (1864–65). But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! The marriage ceremony was attended by a large and distinguished company, embracing Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, T.H. I’ve been through two wars and I know. They are as stated and the future looks as dark as possible. His father, unfortunately, died when he was nine years old. A relative later wrote that Sherman’s father always shook off concerns that he had given his son a “savage Indian name” by arguing, “Tecumseh was a great warrior.”. 1 William Tecumseh Sherman went for his first part of his life after his middle name. I tell you, war is Hell!”, Others claim Sherman said, “There is many a boy here today who looks on war as all glory, but, boys, it is all Hell,” or “Some of you young men think that war is all glamour and glory, but let me tell you, boys, it is all Hell!”. His younger brother was John Sherman who later became a United States Senator. Of the dangerous campaign, Sherman wrote to his superiors, saying, “I am going into the very bowels of the Confederacy, and will leave a trail that will be recognized fifty years hence.”, In fact, he was prejudiced: In 1860, he wrote, “All the Congresses on earth can’t make the negro anything else than what he is; he must be subject to the white man, or he must amalgamate or be destroyed. The M4 Sherman tank which was the mainstay of the western allies between 1942 and 1945 was named after the famous Civil War General. His father died while William was still a boy and after his father’s death, he was raised by a family friend, attorney Thomas Ewing. ", In 1836, then-Senator Ewing secured an appointment for the 16-year-old Sherman to enter West Point as a cadet. It would be better if some man [of] sanguine mind was here, for I am forced to order according to my convictions.”, Journalists covering his movements described that “it was soon whispered about that he was suffering from mental depression,” and that he was “a bundle of nerves all strung to their highest tension.” A December 11, 1861 headline from the Cincinnati Commercial [PDF] read, “General William T. Sherman Insane,” and another paper proclaimed, “General Sherman, who lately commanded in Kentucky, is said to be insane. Their friendship and military prowess would be tested at the Battle of Shiloh, where Sherman served under Grant and and dealt the Confederate army a decisive counterattack after they surprised the Union forces in the early morning of April 6, 1862. In July 1861, Sherman fought in the disastrous First Battle of Bull Run, where the Union troops were badly beaten. Here are some fascinating facts about William Tecumseh Sherman. But they didn’t stay long. Lick 'em tomorrow, though.’", Most of Sherman’s combat reputation comes from his March to the Sea, a month-long campaign, where he was given free rein to use his 60,000 troops to disrupt industry, infrastructure, and civilian property in Georgia deep behind enemy lines as a way to cripple the Confederate economy. His father gave him his unusual middle name as a nod to the Shawnee chief Tecumseh, a magnetic leader who built a confederacy of Ohio Indian tribes and fought with the British during the War of 1812. It is charitable to think so.”, He was relieved of his command on November 8, and was eventually given three weeks’ leave to go back home to Lancaster, Ohio, where Ellen helped treat "that melancholy insanity to which your family is subject.". The couple later had eight children, two of whom died from sickness while Sherman was serving in the Civil War. Upon hearing "Tecumseh," Lewis says, the priest proclaimed that “He must be named for a saint,” and because it was the feast of St. William, the child would be baptized William. Field, William Churchill, Joseph Stewart, and … While he proved a competent businessman, the move corresponded with the bursting of the Gold Rush bubble, and his branch collapsed in the ensuing financial hysteria. He was still tall and erect, with graying reddish hair and furrowed face. When word of the terms made its way to Washington, an immediate backlash ensued. Thomas Ewing, Secretary of the Interior. Sherman tried to stamp out the speculation once and for all in 1884, when he turned down an invitation to become the Republican candidate by saying, “I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected.” His unequivocal response has since become famous in political circles, where similar flat refusals are often dubbed “Shermanesque statements.”. Although one of the best students academically he had trouble conforming to the rules of the Academy. Lewis says that the Ewings would have a priest visit monthly and teach the children. When the Republican National Convention of 1884 tapped him as a serious potential candidate, he sent them a straightforward rejection: “I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected.” He died in 1891 of pneumonia. When Grant became president in 1869, Sherman was appointed Commanding General of the United States Army and promoted to General of the Army. A William Sherman autograph endorsement signed during the Civil War is worth $800 – $2,500. ), Citing his lack of experience, he resigned his commission in 1853 and set out to build a career in the private sector. Artillery. After a relatively long courtship for the time, the pair eventually got married in 1850 while her father was the U.S. Secretary of the Interior. The death of Sherman’s father when he was 9 left his mother a poor widow with 11 children. Sherman took a job as headmaster of a military academy in Louisiana in January 1860 thanks to referrals from two friends, Braxton Bragg and P.G.T. A simple William Sherman autograph letter signed during the Civil War can sell for $2,500 while an excellent one can sell for $10,000, plus or minus, depending on how great the content is. Following a promising performance at July 1861’s First Battle of Bull Run, Sherman was promoted to brigadier general and eventually given command of Union troops in Kentucky and Tennessee. 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